TOWN OF EAST WINDSOR
SAMPLE CONSERVATION EASEMENT AND RESTRICTION

The purpose of a Conservation Easement is to protect in perpetuity significant natural features and to minimize the environmental impact of activities associated with land development within the Town of East Windsor.

It is the responsibility of the property owner to be fully aware of all of the conditions contained in the Conservation Easement Agreement as expressed below.  The Town of East Windsor will vigorously enforce the conditions established herein.

THIS INDENTURE made this day of                 , 2002, by and between (Developer, LLC) the Town of     , County of Hartford, and State of Connecticut (hereinafter called “GRANTOR), and the Town of East Windsor, a municipal corporation having its territorial limits within the County of Hartford and State of Connecticut (hereinafter called “GRANTEE”);

WITNESSETH:


WHEREAS, the Grantor is the owner of real property, hereinafter described, situated in the Town of East Windsor, County of Hartford and State of Connecticut, which Grantee, acting through its Planning and Zoning Commission, has determined would be in the public interest to retain, maintain and conserve in its natural state; and


WHEREAS, the Grantee, acting through its Planning and Zoning Commission, has determined that the maintenance and conservation of said property of the Grantor can best be accomplished by the securing by Grantee of a Conservation Easement over, across, and upon the said property of Grantor; and

WHEREAS, the Grantor is willing, in consideration of    ($       ), receipt of which is hereby acknowledged, and of possible reduction by Grantee of real property taxes on said property, to grant to said Grantee the easement and covenants as hereinafter expressed concerning said property, thereby providing for its maintenance and conservation;

NOW, THEREFORE, said Grantor, does hereby give, grant, bargain, sell and confirm unto said Grantee, its successors and assigns forever, the right, privilege and authority to perpetually preserve, protect, limit, conserve and maintain the land hereinafter described in its present natural condition.  All covenants contained herein are deemed to run with the land.


Said Grantor further covenants and agrees to provide notice by Certified Mail to the last known address of any person or entity who hereafter shall have any possessory interest in the subject property, including, but not limited to any tenant, successor, or assign, of a Certified Copy of the Conservation Easement Agreement.  Failure of said Grantor to provide such notice shall not constitute any waiver of Grantee’s rights herein.

Said Premises subject to this Conservation Easement Agreement, hereinafter called “THE CONSERVATION EASEMENT AREA” are described as follows:

Said premises are delineated on the following map filed on the East Windsor Land Records:

I.               PROHIBITIONS

GRANTOR FURTHER COVENANTS AND AGREES TO PROHIBIT AND REFRAIN FROM THE FOLLOWING ACTIVITIES UNDER, OVER, OR UPON THE CONSERVATION EASEMENT AREA;

1.     The construction or placing or buildings, roads, signs, or other structures on or above ground.

2.     The dumping or placing of soil or other substance or material as landfill, or dumping of trash, yard clippings, ashes, waste, rubbish, garbage, junk, or unsightly or offensive materials.

3.     The excavation, dredging or removal of loam, peat, gravel, soil, rock or other substances in such a manner as to affect the surface or the quantity of ground or surface waters.

4.     The removal or destruction of trees, shrubs, or other vegetation, the destruction of wildlife habitat, the application of pesticides or herbicides, or any other activity or use which is or has the potential for being detrimental to drainage, flood control, water quality, erosion control, soil conservation, wildlife or the land water areas in their natural condition.

5.     The conduct of any of the foregoing activities in such proximity to the Conservation Easement Area that their result could be detrimental to drainage, flood control, water quality, erosion control, soil conservation or wildlife in the Conservation Easement Area.

6.     The removal or disturbance of the Conservation Easement Area temporary stakes prior to permanent marking, permanent iron pins or boundary markers, or any other field identifications of the Conservation Easement Area boundaries.

7.     The operation of snowmobiles motorcycles, all terrain vehicles, other motorized vehicles, bicycles, or loud or offensive recreational vehicles of any nature except necessary fire-fighting equipment and other emergency service vehicles or activities.

NOTWITHSTANDING ANY OF THE FOREGOING PROVISIONS

1.     The Grantee, acting through its Planning and Zoning Commission, or its successor may upon written application of the Grantor, permit the construction, reconstruction, maintenance and repair within said premises of above-ground and below-ground public or private utilities, including sanitary sewer and/or water lies, subject to (a) demonstration of the need for the proposed activity within said premises and (b) environmental review of the site and proposed methods of installation and maintenance of such utilities.

2.     The Grantee, acting through its Planning and Zoning Commission, or its successor, shall upon written application of the Grantor, permit the removal of dead trees and dead brush from said premises in a manner acceptable to the Planning and Zoning Commission.

3.     The Grantee, acting through its Planning and Zoning Commission, or its successor, may upon written application of the Grantor, permit the pruning and thinning of live trees and brush on said premises.

4.     Grantor may hunt within the Conservation Easement Area any species of wildlife for which there is a hunting season designated by the agency of the State of Connecticut authorized to regulate such hunting.  Any such hunting shall be conducted in strict accordance with all applicable Federal, state, and municipal laws and regulations.  As to this paragraph only, prior application to, and consent by, the Planning & Zoning Commission shall not be required.

Application by the Grantor for any approval provided for hereunder shall be made to the Planning & Zoning Commission, or its successor, and shall be in accord with the procedures established by the Planning and Zoning Commission, or its successor, in effect at that time.

The Grantee agrees by acceptance hereof, to release automatically such Conservation Easement Agreement as though this instrument had never been executed by Grantor, should, at any time, said premises by condemned by some dominant government authority.
 

The Grantor herein reserves to Grantor the right to make use of the above-described premises for any and all purposes which are in keeping with the stated intent of this Conservation Easement Agreement and which shall in no way endanger the maintenance and conservation of the above-described premises in their natural state.

III.           Identification and Inspection of conservation easements

GRANTOR FURTHER COVENANTS AND AGREES AS FOLLOWS:

1.     Before commencement of site work on any property of the Grantor, which contains or is adjacent to a Conservation Easement Area, Conservation Easement boundaries are to be marked with 4x4 posts with “Conservation Easement Markers” provided by the Planning and Zoning Commission.  These stakes are to be located at each change of boundary direction and at install easement boundary markers.  All Conservation Easement corners shall be permanently marked with iron pins, which protrude from ground surface not more than one inch, and such pins shall not contain sharp edges.

2.     The Grantor hereby agrees to install and maintain markers identifying the boundaries of the Conservation Easement Area, such markers to be specified by the East Windsor Planning and Zoning Commission.

3.     The Grantor hereby grants the Grantee the right to have a qualified representative of the Town inspect the Conservation Easement Area following reasonable notice to current Grantor or occupant.

IV.           FINDING OF VIOLATION

1.     If it is determined by the Planning and Zoning Commission or its successor, that a violation of a Conservation Easement Agreement exists, the Grantor shall be ordered to cease and desist from and prevent any activity which, in the opinion of the Planning and Zoning Commission, or its successor, is in violation of this Conservation Easement Agreement.

2.     Within sixty (60 days of such order and after appropriate notice, the Planning and Zoning Commission shall hold a hearing for the purpose of determining if the cease and desist order shall continue.

3.     If the Grantor is found to have violated the terms of this Conservation Easement Agreement, the Grantor agrees, among other things, to restore the Conservation Easement Area(s) as closely as possible to its (their) natural state.  Such restoration shall include but need not be limited to:

(a)   replanting with trees, shrubs or other appropriate vegetation acceptable to the Planning & Zoning Commission;

(b)   removal of any debris, trash, garbage, ashes, waste, rubbish, silt, unsightly or offensive material;

(c)   removal of any unauthorized buildings, signs, billboards or other advertising, or other structures on or above-ground;

(d)   emplacement and maintenance of erosion controls;

(e)   replacement by a land surveyor of any Conservation Easement Area markers which have been removed or disturbed.

4.     If the Grantor, or any other person acting with the consent of the Grantor, is found to have violated a Conservation Easement Agreement, the Planning and Zoning Commission, or its successor, may pursue, without election, any available remedy at law or equity.

5.     In the event that Grantee shall bring legal action to enforce any provision of this Conservation Easement and Restriction and if any court of competent jurisdiction shall find that the Grantor violated any provision of this Conservation Easement and Restriction, Grantor agrees to pay all the costs, including reasonable attorney’s fees for said legal action.
 

The Grantor herein reserves to himself the right to make use of the above-described premises for any and all purposes which are in keeping with the stated intent of this Conservation Easement and which shall in no way endanger the maintenance and conservation of the above described premises as open space in its natural state.

The Grantee acknowledges that the conveyance of this Conservation Easement is not intended, and shall not be construed, to grant any rights of access to the above—described premises to the general public nor to any person or persons.

The foregoing Conservation Easement and Restriction shall be permanent, and shall be binding upon the Grantor and his heirs, successor and assignees, except as hereinbefore set forth, and inure to the benefit of Grantee, its successors and assigns.

TO HAVE AND TO HOLD the above granted rights, privilege or authority unto said Grantee, its successors and assigns forever, to its and their own proper use and behoof.

IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the Grantor has hereunto set, or caused to be set, his hand and seal the day and year first aforementioned.

Signed, Sealed and Delivered

In the Presence Of;

 

 

_________________________________                  _________________________________L.S.

                                                                                                                       GRANTOR


 

_________________________________



 

_________________________________                  _________________________________L.S.

                                                                                                                       GRANTOR

 

_________________________________


 
 

_________________________________                  TOWN OF EAST WINDSOR                                                                                                 

  

_________________________________                  _________________________________L.S.

                                                                                               FIRST SELECTMAN



_________________________________


 

STATE OF CONNECTICUT:

                                        :      SS.                                                              ,2002                                            

COUNTY OF HARTFORD


Personally appeared,                                       , signer and sealer of the foregoing Instrument and acknowledged the same to be his free act and deed, before me


 

                                                                        _________________________________

                                                                       NOTARY PUBLIC

                                                                       MY COMMISSION EXPIRES:

          

 

STATE OF CONNECTICUT:

                                        :      SS.                                                              ,2002                                            

COUNTY OF HARTFORD


Personally appeared,                                       , signer and sealer of the foregoing Instrument and acknowledged the same to be his free act and deed, before me


 

                                                                        _________________________________

                                                                       NOTARY PUBLIC

                                                                       MY COMMISSION EXPIRES:

          

 

STATE OF CONNECTICUT:

                                        :      SS.                                                              ,2002                                            

COUNTY OF HARTFORD


Personally appeared,                                       , signer and sealer of the foregoing Instrument and acknowledged the same to be his free act and deed, before me


 

                                                                        _________________________________

                                                                       NOTARY PUBLIC

                                                                       MY COMMISSION EXPIRES: